Traditional leaders believe new government rules will prevent young men from dying this winter.
This sacred community ritual has been subverted and sullied by predatory and deadly opportunists.
Two illegal initiation schools have been shut down in North West, says the traditional affairs department, while authorities search for the owners.
The owner of an initiation school has been found guilty of culpable homicide after the death of an initiate.
At least 12 boys have died this month in botched traditional circumcisions. We look at what happens when bungled initiations cost boys their penises.