Human rights and access to healthcare remain paramount in the country's response.
The Aids council’s programme is a "big step in the right direction", but abuse by police still needs to be tackled, says an HIV specialist.
The South African National Aids Council says it aims to have three million people receiving antiretroviral therapy by 2015.
A labour dispute is boiling at the South African National Aids Council, raising concerns over their ability to implement the national strategic plan.
President Jacob Zuma has presented a five-year plan to reduce new HIV and TB infections by 50%.